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Author(s):Scott-Clayton, J.
Title:What explains trends in labor supply among U.S. undergraduates, 1970-2009?
Organization:The National Bureau of Economic Research
Short Description:Recent cohorts of college enrollees are more likely to work, and work substantially more, than those of the past. October CPS data reveal that average labor supply among 18 to 22-year-old full-time undergraduates nearly doubled between 1970 and 2000, rising from 6 hours to 11 hours per week.
Annotation:Recent cohorts of college enrollees are more likely to work, and work substantially more, than those of the past. October CPS data reveal that average labor supply among 18 to 22-year-old full-time undergraduates nearly doubled between 1970 and 2000, rising from 6 hours to 11 hours per week. In 2000 over half of these “traditional” college students were working for pay in the reference week, and the average working student worked 22 hours per week. After 2000, labor supply leveled off and then fell abruptly in the wake of the Great Recession to an average of 8 hours per week in 2009. This paper considers several explanations for the long-term trend of rising employment—including compositional change and rising tuition costs—and considers whether the upward trend is likely to resume when economic conditions improve.
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Associated Keywords:
Educational Attainment/College Degree Completion
Employment and Workforce Development

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A matter of trust: Ten key insights from recent public opinion research on attitudes about education among Hispanic parents
The facts: Postsecondary access and success
Strong students, strong workers: Models for student success through workforce development and community college partnerships
With their whole lives ahead of them: Myths and realities about why so many students fail to finish college
Between two worlds: How young Latinos come of age in America
Leadership for challenging times: Report of the Commission on presidential leadership and global competitiveness (Executive Summary)
Changes in postsecondary degrees below the Bachelor's: 1997-2007
A profile of successful Pell Grant recipients: Time to Bachelor's degree and early graduate school enrollment
Pathways to economic mobility: Key indicators
Achieving the Dream Data Notes: Characteristics of students who stop out
What we must to do to create a system that prepares students for college success
The American high school graduation rate: Trends and levels
Employers, low-income young adults, and post-secondary credentials: A practical typology for business, education, and community leaders
From high school to the future: Making hard work pay off: The road to college for students in CPS's academically advanced programs
The work-based learning self assessment tool
The case for more attention to financial assistance for adult learners in Indiana who will need to seek Bachelor's degree completion at a distance
The Condition of Latinos in education: 2008 Factbook
Schools, skills, and synapses
The contribution of adult learning to health and social capital
College-ready students, student-ready colleges: An agenda for improving degree completion in postsecondary education
Rewarding persistence: Effects of a performance-based scholarship program for low-income parents
Diplomas and dropouts: Which colleges actually graduate their students (and which don't)
Moving beyond access: College success for low-income, first generation students
Early-college high school: Modest experiment or national movement?
Rising tuition and enrollment in public higher education
Educational Attainment in the United States: 2007
Using increased funding under the Workforce Investment Act to create multiple pathways to marketable postsecondary credentials and middle-class employment
Academic competitiveness and national SMART grant programs: First-year lessons learned
Easy come - EZ-GO: A federal role in removing jurisdictional impediments to college education
Degree completion beyond institutional borders: Responding to the new reality of mobile and non-traditional learners
Enhancing tax credits to encourage saving for higher education: Advancing the American opportunity tax credit and reforming the saver's credit
Next generation learning: The intelligent use of technology to develop innovative learning models and personalized educational pathways
How increasing college access is increasing inequality, and what to do about it
Mind the gaps: How college readiness narrows achievement gaps in college success
The progress of education reform: Investing in college completion
Does extending foster care beyond age 18 promote postsecondary educational attainment?
Distinct subgroups of former foster youth during young adulthood: Implications for policy and practice
Extending foster care to age 21: Weighing the costs to government against the benefits to youth
The rising price of inequality: How inadequate grant aid limits college access and persistence
Funding career pathways and career pathway bridges: A federal policy toolkit for states
The economic benefits of reducing the dropout rate among students of color in the nation's largest metropolitan areas (aggregate analysis)
Status and trends in the education of minority groups
From access to success: A funder's guide to ensuring more Americans earn postsecondary degrees
How America pays for college 2010: A national study by Sallie Mae and Gallup
Expanding the mission: Community colleges and the functions of workforce intermediaries
Dream vs. reality: An analysis of potential Dream Act beneficiaries
Top gainers: Some public four-year colleges and universities make big improvements in minority graduation rates
Maximizing the potential of older adults: Benefits to state economies and individual well-being
Special report on the transfer admission process: National Association for College Admission Counseling
College InSight
State R&D and k-12 STEM Education Report Cards
The impact of "going green" on the Latino community
Connected by 25: Effective policy solutions for vulnerable youth
Recommendations for incorporating postsecondary and workforce data into statewide longitudinal data systems
High school dropout and completion rates in the United States: 2007
The relationship between AP exam performance and college outcomes
Interview with Anthony P. Carnevale
The path forward: The future of graduate education in the United States
The workplace realities
College for all?