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Author(s):Baird, K
Title:Access to college: The role of tuition, financial aid, scholastic preparation and college supply in public college enrollments
Organization:National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators
Short Description:Article which "examines how student preparation and college supply interact with the usual factors of tuition, financial aid, and family background to explain state by state variation in public college enrollment rates among Black, Hispanic, and White youth over the 1990s."
Annotation:In this article the author "examines how student preparation and college supply interact with the usual factors of tuition, financial aid, and family background to explain state by state variation in public college enrollment rates among Black, Hispanic, and White youth over the 1990s." The author presents information which supports that variations in state expenditures on state need-based aid and its investment in public higher education can help explain variable enrollment rates. Additional information is provided to help explain other variations in enrollment trends. The author concludes with some critiques on policies which may not be the most effective in terms of promoting equitable access to higher education.
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Associated Keywords:
African American
College Access
Financial Aid, Affordability, Tuition, and Costs
Merit-based Aid
Preparation/College Readiness

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Closing the college completion gap: A guidebook for the faith community
Measuring success by degrees: The status of college completion in SREB states
Buying college: What consumers need to know
The effects of student coaching in college: An evaluation of a randomized experiment in student mentoring
An analysis of inquiry, nonstart and drop reasons in nontraditional university student populations
State tuition, fees, and financial assistance policies for public colleges and universities, 2010-11
Trends in college pricing 2012
Adding it all up in 2012: Are college net price calculators easy to find, use and compare?
Debt, jobs, diversity and who gets in: A survey of admissions directors
A better affirmative action: State universities that created alternatives to racial preferences
Economic Diversity Among Selective Colleges: Measuring the Enrollment Impact of "No-loan" Programs
Balancing passion and practicality: The role of debt and major on students' financial outcomes: Executive Summary
Increasing college and career readiness through dual enrollment: Research, policies, and effective practices
The impact of affirmative action bans in graduate education
Private student loans
The role of tuition, financial aid policies, and student outcomes on average student debt
The student debt crisis
Men of color: A role for policymakers in improving the status of black male students in U.S. higher education
The missing "one-offs": The hidden supply of high achieving, low-income students
Can scholarships alone help students succeed? Lessons from two New York City community colleges
The role of community-based organizations in the college access and success movement
Increasing return on investment from federal student aid
Students and teachers talk about school reform and student engagement
Preventing abuse in federal student aid: Community college practices
Preparing high school students for college: An exploratory study of college readiness programs in Texas
Housing wealth and higher education: Building a foundation for economic mobility
Is college affordable? In search of a meaningful definition
How America pays for college 2012
The nation's report card: Science 2011
Transforming the educational experience of young men of color: Companion workbook
Balancing passion and practicality: The role of debt and major on students' financial outcomes
Using No Child Left Behind waivers to improve english language learner education
Challenge the status quo: Academic success among school-age African-American males
The SAT report on college & career readiness: 2012
Trends in student aid 2012
Taking college courses in high school: A strategy for college readiness
Why 529 college savings plans favor the fortunate
How college pricing undermines financial aid
State policies regarding undocumented college students: A narrative of unresolved issues, ongoing debate and missed opportunities
Building roads to success: Key considerations for communities and states reconnecting youth to education
Tuition fees and student financial assistance: 2010 Global year in review
Ensuring success for returning veterans
Examining the role of summer bridge programs in promoting college readiness and completion: Lessons learned from Texas' developmental summer bridges
Cohort default rate resources
Accounting for socioeconomic differences in delaying the transition to college
The (un)productivity of American higher education: From cost "dis-ease"to cost effectiveness
Benefitting whom? For-profit education companies and the growth of military educational benefits
What is the price of college? Total, net, and out of pocket prices in 2007-08
Online learning: Does it help low-income and underprepared students?
2010 census of male-focused programs: A snapshot of programs and organzations supporting American males
Dollars for degrees: Financial aid and its impact on post-secondary degree completion in Texas
Next generation learning: The intelligent use of technology to develop innovative learning models and personalized educational pathways
Class differences: Online education in the United States, 2010
Resisters, rejectors, and ridas: How to make urban schools work for disengaged students and critically conscious teachers
Military service members and veterans: A profile of those enrolled in undergraduate and graduate education in 2007-08
New path to federal student aid for those with no high school diploma or GED
Conditional cash transfers and college persistence: Evidence from a randomized need-based grant program
Employer-paid tuition advancement for low-income workers
Analysis of preliminary FY2009 2-year cohort default rates
How students are making it: Perspectives on getting through college from recent graduates of the Boston Public Schools (Full Report)
How students are making it: Perspectives on getting through college from recent graduates of the Boston Public Schools (Short Version)
The educational experience of young men of color (website)
The educational experience of young men of color: Federal legal implications and policy guidance
Closing achievement gaps: Improving educational outcomes for Hispanic children: English language acquisition and middle school preparation: Keys to Latino educational success
Adding it all up: An early look at net price calculators
Presidential leadership for public policy: A special report by the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education
Veteran's education benefits: Enhanced guidance and collaboration could improve administration of the Post-911 GI Bill program
Trends in Chicago's schools across three eras of reform: Full report
Federal education tax benefits: Who receives them and to what extent do they shape the price of college attendance?
Net tuition and net price trends in the United States: 2000-2009
A community college instructor like me: Race and ethnicity interactions in the classroom
Trends in community college education: Enrollment, prices, student aid, and debt levels
Performance-based scholarships: Emerging findings from a national demonstration
Hidalgo early college district toolkit
Cheap for whom? How much education costs taxpayers
Dramatically bringing down the cost of education with OER: How open education resources unlock the door to free learning
Financial literacy at minority-serving institutions
Smart spending: Reforming federal financial aid for higher education
Postsecondary education student outcomes vary at for-profit, non-profit, and public schools
Much accomplished, much at stake: Performance and policy in Maryland higher education
The educational experience of young men of color: A review of research, pathways and progress
Survey of state tuition, fees, and financial assistance policies for public colleges and universities: 2010-11
Assets & opportunity scorecard
The 8th annual AP report to the nation
State HIgher Education Finance 2011
Rethinking higher education business models: Steps toward a disruptive innovation approach to understanding and improving higher education outcomes
One dream, two realities: Perspectives of parents on America's high schools
College hopes and worries survey
Dual enrollment: Reviewing programs to promote college completion
Trends in college spending, 1999-2009
Reaching Higher: Strategic Directions for Higher Education in Indiana
Indiana's 21st century scholars: A new community college system and college prep curriculum are improving the state's position
Is college right for your child?: How to weigh the pros and cons
Types of colleges: What suits your child best
Setting students' sights on college: Chicago public schools
Using PLAN to identify student readiness for advanced courses in high school
The effects of using ACT® Composite score and high school average on college admission decisions for racial/ethnic groups
Immigration debate resources
Guia para padres (Guide for parents)
Financial aid glossary: Some terms you may enounter on the road
Scholarship guide
Eligiendo una universidad (Choosing a college)
Student debt and the class of 2006
Project on student debt: State by state data
Postsecondary Access and Success
Higher education accountability for student learning
LearnMore Indiana 2006-07 report: Results of Indiana's career and college information survey of students in grades 9 and 11
College: Making It Happen
The College and Financial Aid Guide for Undocumented AB540 Immigrant Students
The College Dream: A Guide for Parents
Education watch Washington: Key education facts and figures 2004
Education watch Washington: Key education facts and figures 2006
Return on investment: Educational choices and demographic change in California's future
Percent receiving federal financial aid and average amount per recipient
Knocking at the college door: California state report
The (un)changing face of the Ivy League
Latinos in graduate education
Latinos in undergraduate education
Feasibility of a student unit record system within the integrated postsecondary education data system
Emergency financial aid for community college students: Implementation and early lessons from the Dreamkeepers and Angel Fund programs.
Serving adult learners in higher education: Principles of effectiveness
Frequently asked questions about college costs
The progress of education reform: Closing the achievement gap
Strategies for improving student success in postsecondary education
Achievement gaps: An examination of differences in student achievement and growth
Closing educational achievement gaps for Latino/a students in Utah
Student loan forgiveness programs
The campus-based financial aid programs: A review and analysis of the allocation of funds to institutions and the distribution of aid to students
The debt explosion among college graduates
Income and financial aid effects on persistence and degree attainment in public colleges
Undergraduate students and credit cards 2004: An analysis of usage rates and trends
Hitting home: Quality, cost, and access challenges confronting higher education today
California Community Colleges: Making them stronger and more affordable
College grants on a postcard: A proposal for simple and predictable federal student aid
Black male students at public flagship universities in the U.S.: Status, trends, and implications for policy and practice
Hispanic Scholarship Fund
A few strings attached: State retention programs
National Urban League Scholarships
Recession, retrenchment, and recovery: State higher education funding and student financial aid
Increasing the achievement of Native American youth at early college high schools
A research agenda for the study of the effects of borrowing and the prospects of indebtedness on students' college-going choices
Academic pathways to college: Policies and practices of the fifty states to reach underserved students
Access to higher education in Indiana
Promising practices: School to career and postsecondary education for foster care youth
The future of private loans: Who is borrowing and why?
Indian students and college preparation
College access marketing campaigns: Influencing college-going behaviors of underrepresented students
Postsecondary institutions in the United States: Fall 2004 and degrees and other awards conferred: 2003-04
Global debt patterns: An international comparison of student loan burdens and repayment conditions
The challenges of financial aid awareness and college access
Creating options 2006: Financial aid opportunities for individuals with disabilities
Access and persistence: Winter 2006
Access and persistence: Fall 2005
Education Planner
Access and persistence: Summer 2005
Working their way through college: Student employment and its impact on the college experience
Midwest PERL: Postsecondary education resource library
Internet inequalities: Financial aid, the internet, and low-income students
Minority student achievement network
Twenty-first Century Scholars Program
High school counselors handbook 2004-05
Grants for students: What they do, why they work
GI bill: A reality check
Creating college opportunity for all: Prepared students and affordable colleges
NDSFA: Fundamental assumptions and aims underlying the principles of federal financial aid to students
NDSFA: Getting the most out of federal aid spending -- encouraging colleges and universities to promote the common good
Paying for college: The rising cost of higher education
Reclaiming the American dream
Promoting college access and success: A review of credit-based transition programs
College access: From the inside out
The advanced placement expansion of the '90's: How did traditionally underserved students fare
Admission possible
Left behind: Unequal opportunity in higher education
College affordability in jeopardy: The rising price of higher education
Borrowers who drop out: A neglected aspect of the college student loan trend
State financial aid: Policies to enhance articulation and transfer
Designing a state student grant program: A framework for policy makers
The role of student loans in college access
College affordability: Overlooked long-term trends and recent 50 state patterns
Informing public policy: Financial aid and student persistence
Annotated list of Pathways research, papers, reports, and other publications by focus area
How curriculum influences college persistence in Indiana and the nation
Indiana’s postsecondary indicators: 2004 performance and descriptive indicators
The role of finances in the persistence process.: A structural model
Persistence and attainment of beginning students with Pell Grants
Access denied: Restoring the nation’s commitment to equal educational opportunity
Discounting toward disaster: Tuition discounting, college finances, and enrollments of low-income undergraduates
Network news: Focus on finance policy, access, and affordability
Policy for progress: Reaffirming California higher education accessibility, affordability, and accountability into the 21st century
Missed opportunities: A new look at disadvantaged college aspirants
Just and efficient college finance
Hope works: Student use of education tax credits.
Do grants matter?
The ABC's of early awareness: A resource guide and toolkit for helping students achieve a higher education
Public attitudes on higher education
A closer look at the President's proposal for changes in student assistance
Getting ready to pay for college: What students and their parents know about the cost of college tuition and what they are doing to find out
Education as crime prevention: Reinstating Pell Grant eligibility for the incarcerated
2003 Status report on the federal education loan programs
Policies in sync: Appropriations, tuition, and financial aid in higher education
Investing in America's future: Why student aid pays off for society and individuals
Undocumented immigrant students: A very brief overview of access to higher education in California
Foster youth: Tips for completing the FAFSA (2008-09)
The 2003 Brown Center report on American education: How well are American students learning?
Mexican Americans and other Latinos in postsecondary education: Institutional influences
Advisory committee on student financial assistance
Financial aid: A shared agenda to achieve access and success for under-served students
Trends in college pricing 2005
USA Funds
US Department of Veterans Affairs: Yellow Ribbon Program
Working learners: Educating our entire workforce for success in the 21st century
Impact of college rankings on institutional decision making: Four country case studies
Funding dual credit programs: What do we know? What should we know?
The impact of increases in Pell Grant awards on college-going among lower income youth: Results from a natural experiment
State higher education finance: Early release FY 2008
USA Funds: Indiana state resources
Building a data sharing network of scholarship programs for alumni of foster care
State higher education finance: 2007
What are they and how do I use them? Strategies and tools to increase and improve filing of the federal Hope and Lifetime Learning education tax credits by low-income filers
Race matters: Unequal opportunities in education
A model of success: The model institution's for excellence program's successful leadership in STEM education (1995-2007)
2009-10 FAFSA on the web worksheet (Spanish Version)
Dedicated funding for higher education: Alternatives for tough economic times
Big questions, practical answers: New strategies for setting and moving a higher education agenda
Despite surging endowments, high-ranking universities and colleges show disappointing results in enrolling low-income students
Beyond social justice: The threat of inequality to workforce development in the Western United States
Frequently asked questions regarding public service loan forgiveness
Sticker shock quiz: How much does college really cost?
Law, Education, Social Services Scholarships
Scholarships for Hispanics
Higher education: Tuition continues to rise, but patterns vary by institution type, enrollment, and educational expenditures
Redesigning the ninth-grade experience: Reduce failure, improve achievement, and increase high school graduation rates
Panel presentation: More on affordability
What every college access practitioner should know about: Economic diversity in Indiana and U.S. colleges and universities
Avoidable Losses: High-Stakes Accountability and the Dropout Crisis
College planning resource directory
Overcoming obstacles, optimizing opportunities: State policies to increase postsecondary attainment for low-skilled adults
Parent expectations and planning for college: Statistical analysis report
The growing imbalance: Recent trends in U.S. postsecondary education finance
Cashing in or cashing out: Tools for measuring the effectiveness and outcomes of financial aid events
Camino de la universidad: The road to college
National Council of La Raza
A framework and recommendations for federal action on secondary school reform
Transfer access to elite colleges and universities in the United States: Threading the needle of the American dream
Community college fast facts
Characteristics of minority-serving institutions and minority undergraduates enrolled in these institutions
2006-2007 National directory of scholarships, internships, and fellowships for Latino youth
Federal Aid First
EFC (Expected Family Contribution) Formula Guide, 2010-11
Indiana's guide to paying for college
Financial aid pledges to reduce student debt (list of colleges and universities reducing or eliminating student loans for low-income families)
Policies paved the way: Early college innovation in North Carolina
The nation's report card: Reading 2009
Student debt 101
Addressing the American male imperative in higher education: Implications for public and research universities
High school policy reform: A plan for success (California)
FY 2011 budget proposal: Thoughts and recommendations for increasing college access and success
False fronts? Behind higher education's voluntary accountability systems
Indiana's guide to paying for college: Step-by-step tips to help high school seniors apply for financial aid
Cost perceptions and college-going for low-income students
Latino College Dollars: Scholarships for Latino students
Enrollment in postsecondary institutions Fall 2008; graduation rates, 2002 and 2005 cohorts; and financial statistics, 2008
"The State of College Savings Survey" finds parent confidence crashing as they rely on loans, shift debt burden to their children
A new national approach to career navigation for working learners
After the FAFSA: How red tape can prevent eligible students from receiving financial aid
Trends in College Spending (TCS) Online
Schools without diversity: Education management organizations, charter schools, and the demographic stratification of the American school system
College and career ready graduation: Strengthening the Elementary and Secondary Education Act
The 'bottom' seventy percent: What America's elite institutions of higher learning owe to everyone else
Degree completion beyond institutional borders: Responding to the new reality of mobile and non-traditional learners
A decade of undergraduate student aid: 1989-90 to 1999-2000
Access and persistence: Fall 2009
Removing roadblocks to rigor: Linking academic and social supports to ensure college readiness and success: Executive summary
The Millennium Bursary in British Columbia: Exploring its impact: Summary report (2004)
Does money matter? II
Canadian college student finances: Third edition (2005)
Higher education performance funding 2.0 - Funding degrees (tip sheet)
Student debt and the class of 2008
Assessing Canada’s student aid need assessment policies
The price of knowledge: Access and student finance in Canada
Success at every step: How 23 programs support youth on the path to college and beyond
Assets and liabilities, educational expectations, and children's college degree attainment
Rethinking the middleman: Federal student loan guarantee agencies
A profile of successful Pell Grant recipients: Time to Bachelor's degree and early graduate school enrollment
Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS)
IDA pays: A missing piece of the access puzzle
How much are college students borrowing?
Loan forgiveness and tax deduction benefits for college admission counseling professionals
IDA Pays: Examining the potential of education IDAs
Helping Latinas succeed in school: How federal policymakers can address barriers to high school graduation
Listening to Latinas: Barriers to high school graduation
How America pays for college 2009: A national study by Gallup and Sallie Mae
Military service members and veterans in higher education: What the new GI Bill may mean for postsecondary institutions
Educational Policy Improvement Center
Trends in student aid 2009
Easing the middle-class burden: An Examination of the implications of reducing parental contributions to post-secondary study
A new kind of student aid: Creating, implementing and assessing the Millennium Access Bursaries
Measuring the effectiveness of student assistance - Annual report 2006
The millennium bursary in New Brunswick: Impact on debt and persistence
Do Perceptions Matter Regarding the Costs and Benefits of a Post-Secondary Education?
Access to Medical Education in Canada: Do Differing Tuition Regimes Affect Access and Career Choice?
Getting with the program: Community college students need access to federal loans
Strategies to empower low-income and minority students in gaining admission to and paying for college
The 2008 amendments to the Higher Education Act: Are we on the right track?