Indiana Pathways to College Network


About IPCN

Online Community

Library and Resources

Annotated Bibliography

Author(s):Carnevale, A., Stohl, J., and Smith, N
Title:Help wanted: Postsecondary education and training required
Organization:Georgetown University
Short Description:This chapter argues that postsecondary competencies and awards have become the threshold requirement for middle-class earnings and status.
Annotation:For most of the twentieth century, high school was enough for a shot at middle-class status and wages. Today no one goes anywhere in the American job market without some postsecondary education or training.This chapter argues that postsecondary competencies and awards have become the threshold requirement for middle-class earnings and status.
Link: View Full Text

Print Bibliography: HyperLink 

Is this item's link broken? Report Broken Link

Associated Keywords:
Educational Attainment/College Degree Completion
Social and Economic Benefits of College/Economic Development

Similar Items:
Middle skills jobs and the growing importance of postsecondary education
Career and technical education: Five ways that pay along the way to the B.A.
Reclaiming the American Dream: Community colleges and the nation's future: A report from the 21st century commission on the future of community colleges
The limited career prospects for high school graduates without additional education and training
Career clusters: Forecasting demand for high school through college jobs 2008-2018
The economic value of opportunity youth
Education and the economy: The economic benefits of helping high school dropouts earn both high school diplomas and college degrees
Helping low-wage workers persist in education programs
The future of middle-skill jobs
Using increased funding under the Workforce Investment Act to create multiple pathways to marketable postsecondary credentials and middle-class employment
Help wanted: Projections of jobs and education requirements through 2018
Economic change effects on men and implications for the education of boys
Affirming the goal: Is college and career readiness an internationally competitive standard?
Insulating the education pipeline to increase postsecondary success
Partnerships between community colleges and prisons: Providing workforce education and training to reduce recidivism
Slip sliding away: An anxious public talks about today's economy and the American Dream
Postsecondary education and training as we know it is not enough: Why we need to leaven postsecondary strategy with more attention to employment policy, social policy, and career and technical education in high school
Postsecondary success
Promoting economic mobility by increasing postsecondary education
Training tomorrow's workforce: Community college and apprenticeship as collaborative routes to rewarding careers
Wealth mobility and volatility in black and white
What it's worth: Field of training and economic status: 2001
Opportunity in America: The role of education
Opportunity road: The promise and challenge of America's forgotten youth
Completion matters: The high cost of low community college graduation rates
The great cost shift: How higher education cuts undermine the future middle class
Beginning subbaccalaureate students' labor market experiences: Six years later in 2009
The long-term impacts of teachers: Teacher value-added and student outcomes in adulthood
Up for grabs: The gains and prospects of first- and second generation young adults
School counselors literature and landscape review: The state of school counseling in America
The American middle class, income inequality, and the strength of our economy: New evidence in economics
A national talent strategy: Ideas for securing US competitiveness and economic growth
Employment by summary education and training assignment, 2010 and projected 2020
Pursuing the American Dream: Economic mobility across generations
Downward mobility from the middle class: Waking up from the American Dream
Evaluating student outcomes at for-profit colleges
The economic case for higher education
The other pipeline: From prison to diploma: Community colleges and correctional education programs
Hiring and higher education: Business executives talk about the costs and benefits of college
The economic benefits of postsecondary degrees: A state and national level analysis
Working credentials: Sub-baccalaureate degrees and certificates are paying off for students and their employers
Middle-class societies invest more in public education: A stronger middle class is associated with higher levels of spending on education
The state of young America: Economic barriers to the American dream
The midwest challenge: Matching jobs with education in the post-recession economy
Focus on education for the formerly incarcerated
Transforming the rural south: A roadmap to improving rural education
One year out: Findings from a national survey among members of the high school graduating class of 2010
Forgotten middle-skill jobs: State by state snapshots
Dropout recovery is national recovery: How federal policies can support the spread of Back on Track through College pathways
Mobility makers
Closing the door, increasing the gap: Who's not going to (community) college?
Documenting uncertain times: Post-graduate transitions of the Academically Adrift cohort
The postsecondary achievement of participants in dual enrollment: An analysis of student outcomes in two states
Gender gap among undergraduates could stem from wage premium for women, study finds
Paying for college: The rising cost of higher education
The economic promise of investing in high-quality preschool: Using early education to improve economic growth and the fiscal sustainability of states and the nation
Economic state of young America
The impact of new college graduates on intrastate labor markets
Recommended policies and practices for advancing Indiana's system of adult education and workforce training
Reaching higher college completion (working paper)
Economic mobility project
Indiana's adult education and workforce skills performance report: Preparing adults for a brighter future
The status of African Americans in engineering: Confronting the "new" American dilemma
Rising to the challenge: Hispanic college graduation rates as a national priority
A stronger nation through higher education: How and why Americans must meet a "big goal" for college attainment
A sharper focus on technical workers: How to educate and train for the global economy
Extending foster care to age 21: Weighing the costs to government against the benefits to youth
Are you gainfully employed? Setting standards for for-profit degrees
Dollars and sense: How "career first" programs like Year Up benefit youth and employers
Child poverty and intergenerational mobility
Untapped potential: Early labor market outcomes of dropouts and graduates from Philadelphia's public schools
Closing the college completion gap: A guidebook for the faith community
From Wall Street to Wal-Mart: Why college graduates are not getting good jobs
College access challenge grants: Including adult learners, strengthening student success
Degree completion beyond institutional borders: Responding to the new reality of mobile and non-traditional learners
The power of the education-industry partnership: Fostering innovation in collaboration between community colleges and businesses
Five ways ed pays (Spanish language version)
What's it worth: The economic value of college majors
Developing 20/20 vision on the 2020 degree attainment goal: The threat of income based inequality in education
The undereducated American
One degree of separation: How young Americans who don't finish college see their chances for success
Boosting college completion for a new economy
Leaving no worker behind: Community colleges retrain the Michigan workforce-and themselves
Education and the economy: Boosting state and national economies by improving high school graduation rates
Driving innovation: How six states are organizing to improve outcomes in developmental education
Giving credit where credit is due: Creating a competency-based qualifications framework for postsecondary education and training
The effects of in-state tuition for non-citizens: A systematic review of the evidence
Who wins? Who pays? The economic returns and costs of a Bachelor's degree
Unfulfilled expectations: Recent college graduates struggle in a troubled economy
The educational experience of young men of color (website)
FIve ways ed pays: Five powerful ways a college degree can transform your life and your lifestyle
Evaluating programs for community college students: How do we know what works?
Grading higher education: Giving consumers the information they need
Certificates count: An analysis of sub-baccalaureate certificates
Winning by degrees: The strategies of highly productive higher-education institutions
Degrees for what jobs? Raising expectations for colleges and universities in a global economy
Who benefits most from college? Evidence for negative selection in heterogeneous economic returns to higher education
Center on Education and the Workforce
Education pays 2010
Doing more with less: The inequitable funding of community colleges
Center for Postsecondary and Economic Success (C-PES)
The college completion agenda: State policy guide
The college completion agenda: 2010 progress report
A smart move in tough times: How SREB states can strengthen adult learning and the work force
ETS Policy Notes: Advancing learning for our diverse adult population
Strengthening community colleges' influence on economic mobility
The facts: Postsecondary access and success
Chasing the same dream, climbing different ladders: Economic mobility in the United States and Canada
Four steps to finishing first in higher education: A guide for state policymakers
Leadership for challenging times: Report of the Commission on presidential leadership and global competitiveness (Executive Summary)
Re-imagining community colleges in the twenty-first century
The status of Latinos/as in engineering: Confronting the "new" American dilemma
America's forgotten middle-skill jobs: Education and training requirements in the next decade and beyond
Supporting English language acquisition: Opportunities for foundations to strengthen the social and economic well-being of immigrant families
Education at a glance 2007: OECD indicators
Into the eye of the storm: Assessing the evidence on science and engineering education, quality, and workforce demand
Confronting the "new" American dilemma: Underrepresented minorities in engineering: A data-based look at diversity (Executive Summary)
Strengthening financial aid policies for low-income working adults
The costs and benefits of an excellent education for all of America's children
Economic mobility: Is the American Dream alive and well?
High school dropout: A quick stats fact sheet
The CollegeKeys Compact: Getting ready, getting in, and getting through college: Expanding options for low-income students
How much does the federal government spend to promote economic mobility and for whom?
Economic mobility of black and white families
Education and economic mobility
Overcoming obstacles, optimizing opportunities: State policies to increase postsecondary attainment for low-skilled adults
Coming to our senses: Education and the American future
Pathways to boosting the earnings of low-income students by increasing their educational attainment
Education and training for TANF recipients: Opportunities and challenges under the final rule
The fiscal impacts of college attainment
Education at a glance 2008: OECD indicators
Proven benefits of early childhood interventions
Education and the economy: An indicators report
Hitting home: Quality, cost, and access challenges confronting higher education today
Economic outcomes of high school completers and non-completers 8 years later
Education pays 2006: The benefits of higher education for individuals and society
Moving on: State policies to address academic brain drain in the South
America's perfect storm: Three forces changing our nation's future
Income of U.S. workforce projected to decline if education doesn't improve
Educational needs index state report: Indiana
Returning to learning: Adults' success in college is key to America's future
The global state of higher education and the rise of private finance
Healthier and wealthier: Decreasing healthcare costs by increasing educational attainment
Return on investment: Educational choices and demographic change in California's future
Breaking the cycle of poverty starts with learning
Educational programs and projects that address the needs of low-income students
No DREAMers left behind: The economic potential of DREAM Act beneficiaries
Pathways through graduate school and into careers
General education, vocational education, and labor-market outcomes over the life-cycle
A crucible moment: College learning & democracy's future
Jobs, jobs, jobs: Challenges community colleges face to reach the unemployed
What can we learn from law school? Legal education reflects issues found in all of higher education
Hard times: College majors, unemployment and earnings: Not all college degrees are created equal
Education at a glance 2011: OECD indicators
Single mothers and college success: Charting paths out of poverty
The high cost of low graduation rates: Taxpayers lose millions
Farther, faster: Six promising programs show how career pathway bridges help basic skills students earn credentials that matter
Estimating the return to college selectivity over the career using administrative earnings data
The college payoff: Education, occupations, and lifetime earnings
The road ahead: A look at trends in the educational attainment of community college students
Missed opportunity: How New York can do a better job of reconnecting youth on public assistance to education and jobs
The global gender gap index: 2011
Portable, stackable credentials: A new education model for industry-specific career pathways
Graduating to a pay gap: The earnings of women and men one year after college graduation
The earning power of recent graduates from Virginia's colleges and universities: How are graduates from different degree programs doing in the labor market?
The earning power of graduates from Tennessee's colleges and universities: How are graduates from different degree programs doing in the labor market?
Boosting postsecondary education performance
Close, but no degree: Removing barriers to degree-completion and economic advancement in New Jersey
The causes and consequences of attending historically black colleges and universities
What can a multifaceted program do for community college students?
College rewired: Innovative approaches help higher education connect to productivity
Does America promote mobility as well as other nations?
How do recent college grads really stack up? Employment and earnings for graduates of the Great Recession
Regardless of the cost, college still matters
Field of degree and earnings by selected employment characteristics: 2011
The college advantage: Weathering the economic storm
Left out. Forgotten? Recent high school graduates and the Great Recession
Balancing passion and practicality: The role of debt and major on students' financial outcomes: Executive Summary
Return on investment to increasing postsecondary credential attainment in the United States
Examining economic mobility and the American Dream across demographics
California's economic payoff: Investing in college access and completion
The effect of housing wealth on college choice: Evidence from the housing boom
The future of the US workforce: A survey of hiring practices across industries
Progress of education reform: Producing quality credentials: Why data and analytics matter
Ahead of the curve: State success in the developmental education initiative
Learn and earn: Modeling the success of Metropolitan College: The Business-Higher Education Forum's simulation series
Cheap for whom? How much education costs taxpayers
Women see value and benefits of college; Men lag on both fronts, survey finds
Getting through: Higher education's plan to increase the college completion rates of Boston public schools graduates
Four steps to finishing first: An agenda for increasing college productivity to create a better educated society
Campaign for the Future of Higher Education
Finding your workforce: The top 25 institutions graduating Latinos
Overcoming obstacles to college attendance and degree completion: Toward a pro-college savings agenda
State HIgher Education Finance 2011
Opportunity for action: Preparing youth for 21st century livelihoods
Why access matters: The community college student body
Earnings by attainment
Indiana State Profile
Post-secondary education options for low-income students
College access for the working poor: Overcoming burdens to succeed in higher education
Innovation America: A compact for postsecondary education
School Redesign Network
Results that matter: Twenty-first century skills and high school reform
Opening doors to earning credentials: Changing courses - Instructional innovations that help low income students succeed in community college
Education pays update 2005: The benefits of higher education for individuals and society
American higher education: How does it measure up for the twenty-first century
As America becomes more diverse: The impact of state higher education inequality
Grants for students: What they do, why they work
The big payoff: Educational attainment and synthetic estimates of work-life earnings
Educational needs index
Measuring up 2006 state report card on education: Indiana
A test of leadership: Charting the future of U.S. higher education
The high cost of failing to reform public education in Indiana
Career academies: Impacts on labor market outcomes and educational attainment
Early childhood investment yields big payoff
The community college as a nexus for workforce transitions: A critical essay
The costs of failure factories in American higher education
Schools, skills, and synapses
Measuring up 2008
Mapping new directions: Higher education for older adults
Tapping America's Potential: Gaining momentum, losing ground: Progress report 2008
Reach higher, America: Overcoming crisis inthe U. S. workforce
State future workforce gap summaries
College-ready students, student-ready colleges: An agenda for improving degree completion in postsecondary education
Value of a college education (calculator)
Reaching higher with Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana: Focusing on the roll of community colleges
Reaching higher with accountability (working paper)
Workers need training, not tough talk
The real technology challenge
Promoting student success in community colleges by increasing student support services
Indiana's K-12 STEM Ed Report Card
National study of student support services. Third-year longitudinal study results and program implementation study update
The state of American manhood
Strengthening state adult education policies for low-skilled workers
Rising by Degrees
Changes in postsecondary degrees below the Bachelor's: 1997-2007
The Springboard Project: Getting ahead - staying ahead: Helping America's workforce succeed in the 21st century
The high cost of low educational performance: The long-run economic impact of improving PISA outcomes
The quality imperative: Match ambitious goals for college attainment with an ambitious vision for learning
Preparing the workers of today for the jobs of tomorrow
Education at a glance 2009: OECD indicators
Hispanicity and educational inequality: Risks, opportunities and the nation's future
Working learners: Educating our entire workforce for success in the 21st century
Transforming America's community colleges: A federal policy proposal to expand opportunity and promote economic prosperity
Investing in Indiana's adult workers: Increasing financial aid opportunities
Vision 2020: Creating opportunity for America's next generation
The key to prosperity: The skills of the American worker
Distinct subgroups of former foster youth during young adulthood: Implications for policy and practice
College and university commitments to student access and success: An overview of institutional postsecondary opportunity programs
The impact of "going green" on the Latino community
The workplace realities
College for all?
The path forward: The future of graduate education in the United States
Better late than never? Examining late high school graduates
High school dropouts and the economic losses from juvenile crime in California
Promoting a culture of student success: How colleges and universities are improving degree completion
Beyond basic skills: State strategies to connect low-skilled students to an employer-valued postsecondary education
A policymaker's guide to early college designs: Expanding a strategy for achieving college readiness for all
Easy come - EZ-GO: A federal role in removing jurisdictional impediments to college education
Conducting a scan of your college access and success system: Why it matters, how to do it, how to use it
Divided we fail in LA: Improving completion and closing racial gaps in the Los Angeles community college district
Getting past go: Remedial and developmental education policy at a crossroads
College success for all: How the Hidalgo independent school district is adopting early college as a district-wide strategy
Family literacy: A valuable gateway to postsecondary education
Gender inequalities in education
Not just kid stuff anymore: The economic imperative for more adults to complete college
Improving community college success
Latino college completion: State series
A sound investment: The community college dividend
Creating opportunities in health care: The community college role in workforce partnerships
Students speak! Understanding the value of HBCUs from student perspectives
Plugged in: Positive development strategies for disconnected Latino youth
Postsecondary and labor force transitions among public high school career and technical education participants
Innovations in developmental math: Community colleges enhance support for nontraditional students
From GED to college degree: Creating pathways to postsecondary success for high school dropouts
Achieving ambitious goals: Case studies of scaling up programs for advancing low-skilled adults
Optimism, college major, and post-secondary dropout
Ten facts about the recovery
Conditional cash transfers and college persistence: Evidence from a randomized need-based grant program
The condition of education 2011
Promoting full-time attendance among adults in community college: Early impacts from the performance-based scholarship demonstration in New York
Promoting postsecondary educational success for adults and families-A practical partnership guide
The advanced placement program benefits mainly well-prepared students who pass AP exams
No time to waste: Policy recommendations for increasing college completion
Dual enrollment: A strategy for educational advancement of all students
Time to completion: States and systems must tackle the time dilemma
Achieving the dream data notes: Outcomes of first-year persisting students
How increasing college access is increasing inequality, and what to do about it
Benefitting whom? For-profit education companies and the growth of military educational benefits
Keeping students enrolled: How community colleges are boosting financial resources for their students
The effects of student coaching in college: An evaluation of a randomized experiment in student mentoring
Projections of education statistics to 2019
Effects of welfare reform on vocational education and training
Profiting from health care: The role of for-profit schools in training the health care workforce
The state of communities of color in the U.S. economy
Introduction to the Community College Research Center (CCRC) assessment of evidence series
2010 census of male-focused programs: A snapshot of programs and organzations supporting American males
The degree qualifications profile
Pathways to Prosperity: Meeting the challenge of preparing young Americans for the 21st century
PERSIST (Guide to improve higher education persistence, retention, and success)
The tax and transfer fiscal impacts of dropping out of high school in Philidelphia city and suburbs
The breaking through practice guide
Achieving success: The state policy newsletter of Achieving the Dream: Community Colleges Count: Spring issue
Welfare reform and intergenerational mobility
New approaches to improving college access, persistence, and success: Three exemplary postsecondary opportunity programs
Five strategies to help low-income adults and youth attain community college credentials
Improving education through collaboration: A case study of the Long Beach seamless education partnership
The economic benefits of reducing the dropout rate among students of color in the nation's largest metropolitan areas
Lessons from Achieving the Dream for federal efforts to improve college completion rates
Dynamic annotated bibliographies from the IPCN online college access library
Cost, commitment, and attainment in higher education: An international comparison
International trends in adult education and lifelong learning
The productivity argument for investing in young children
Work less, study more, & succeed: How financial supports can improve postsecondary success
The benefits to taxpayers from increases in students' educational attainment
Assets and liabilities, educational expectations, and children's college degree attainment
Promising practices: What works in the midwest: A report from the Wisconsin Center for the Advancement of Postsecondary Education (WISCAPE)
Early-childhood poverty and adult attainment, behavior, and health
Higher education budgets and the global recession
Graduated success: Sustainable economic opportunity through one- and two-year credentials
State Higher Education Finance FY 2009
Working too hard to make the grade: How fewer work hours and more financial aid can help California community college students succeed
The economic benefits from halving the dropout rate: A boom to businesses in the nation's largest metropolitan areas
Lifelong learning: New strategies for the education of working adults
Implications of educational inequality for the future workforce
Do student success courses actually help community college students succeed?
Adding it up: State challenges for increasing college access and success
Advising adult learners: The adult learning focused institution
Lumina Foundation for Education: Accomplishments and challenges
The economic impact of the achievement gap in America's schools
Community colleges: A route of upward economic mobility
Educational Attainment in the United States: 2007
Comparative indicators of education in the United States and other G-8 countries: 2009
Commission to Build a Healthier America
State policies on student transitions: Results of a 50-state inventory
Beyond social justice: The threat of inequality to workforce development in the Western United States
Achieving the Dream Data Notes: Developmental education: Completion status and outcomes
Rewarding persistence: Effects of a performance-based scholarship program for low-income parents
Bridges to opportunity for underprepared adults: A state policy guide for community college leaders
Investing in lasting change: Productivity and U.S. higher education
21st Century skills, education, and competitiveness: A resource and policy guide
The economic benefits of academic and career preparation
The contribution of adult learning to health and social capital
The path of many journeys: The benefits of higher education for native people and communities
Saving futures, saving dollars: The impact of education on crime reduction and earnings
Stats Indiana
Revelations and recommendations: The 2000 HSF Hispanic education study
Is more better? The impact of postsecondary education on the social and economic well-being of American society
Promise abandoned: How policy choices and institutional practices restrict college opportunity
Higher education's contribution to the knowledge economy
Investing wisely in adult learning is key to state prosperity
Help wanted: Advanced education and the changing workforce
To ensure America's future: Building a national opportunity system for adults
Dollars and sense II: Lessons from good, cost-effective small schools
Career advancement for low-income workers through community college and community-based organization partnerships
Opportunities in place: National assessment of the rural community college initiative
Enhancing student services at Lorain County Community College: Early results from the Opening the Doors demonstration in Ohio
Enhancing student services at Owens Community College: Early results from the Opening Doors demonstration in Ohio
Education and economic competitiveness
Education pays 2007: The benefits of higher education for individuals and society
Postsecondary Access and Success
Statement of principals: Twenty-first century skills and the reauthorization of NCLB/ESEA
The path to prosperity: A policy of investment
A call to action: Why America must innovate
Graduate migration from Indiana's postsecondary institutions
Demography as destiny: How America can build a better future
Tapping America's potential: The education for innovation initiative
The impact of diversity on college students: The latest research
Educational opportunity for all?
PERSIST: A comprehensive guide for student success in higher education
A report on the status of Hispanics in education: Overcoming a history of neglect
College access in Indiana and the United States 2007: Improving college access and success for Indiana adults 25 and over
Education watch Florida: Key education facts and figures 2006
Education and public safety
Partnership for 21st Century Skills
What explains trends in labor supply among U.S. undergraduates, 1970-2009?
Taking action for America: A CEO plan for jobs and economic growth: A skilled, prepared workforce
Hard choices ahead: Performance and policy in Texas higher education
Prison vs. Princeton
Unbundling youth, family, and community involvement in college access: On the ground in Austin, Texas
Raising job quality and skills for American workers: Creating more effective education and workforce development systems in the states
Financial literacy at minority-serving institutions
American Association of Community Colleges 2011 Advocacy Toolkit Factsheet
Postsecondary education student outcomes vary at for-profit, non-profit, and public schools
Transforming education in America
Completing college: Assessing graduation rates at four-year institutions
STEM: Science, technology, engineering, mathematics (Full Report)
Experimental evidence on the effect of childhood investments on postsecondary attainment and degree completion
Hearing on non-traditional students
A green career pathways framework: Postsecondary and employment success for low-income, disconnected youth
Unlocking doors and expanding opportunity: Moving beyond the limiting reality of college and career readiness in California high schools
Employer-paid tuition advancement for low-income workers
Women Employed
Higher education reform: Next-generation models to increase success and control costs
Most Americans see college as essential to getting a good job
Charting pathways to completion for low-income community college students
The relevance of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders in the college completion agenda
Learning at a distance: Undergraduate enrollment in distance education courses and degree programs
A better measure of skills gaps: Utilizing ACT skill profile and assessment data for strategic skill research
Can applying to more colleges increase enrollment rates?
Accelerating college knowledge: Examining the feasibility of a targeted early commitment Pell Grant program
Business resources for a college- and career-ready America
Inseparable imperatives: Equity in education and the future of the American economy
Cornerstones of completion: State policy support for accelerated, structured pathways to college credentials and transfer
Refocusing adult education on career and postsecondary success: An analysis of adult education (Title II) in WIA reauthorization proposals
Stopped short: 2.1 Million adults in Florida went to college but didn't finish
Calculating the economic value of increasing college credentials by 2025: United States
Survey of income and program participation data on educational attainment
Labor market returns to sub-baccalaureate credentials: How much does a community college degree or certificate pay?
The condition of education 2012 (Report)
Trends among young adults over three decades, 1974-2006
Getting ready for success: Bridging the gap between high school and college in Tacoma, Washington
Balancing passion and practicality: The role of debt and major on students' financial outcomes
Education at a glance 2012: OECD indicators
Adult college completion toolkit